Chinese traditional diet regimen
Diet health regimen General diet health regimen refers to the method of maintaining life by regulating the diet.
Traditional diet health science refers to a discipline that studies the nature of food under the guidance of traditional medical theories, uses diet to achieve nutritional body, maintain or promote health, and prevent disease.
The original classic book of traditional Chinese medicine, “The Yellow Emperor’s Canon” pointed out: The human body needs “to feed on grains, to help with five fruits, to benefit five animals, to fill five dishes, and to serve them together to replenish essence and qi.”When it comes to the number of dietary varieties, cereal and meat dishes must be matched with each other in order to achieve a balanced diet and nutrition.
The traditional diet and health sciences are particularly prominent in the relationship between heaven and humans, and adjust the viewpoints of yin and yang and diet due to diet, which is unique in nutrition and health sciences.
Correspondence between heaven and man means that the human body’s diet should adapt to its natural environment.
For example: people living in the surrounding environment should eat more spicy food in moderation to expel coldness and dampness.
In addition, the diet at different times of the year must also be adapted to the climate conditions at the time. For example: it is hot in summer, you should choose more cold food to reduce heat, and eat more millet, barley, and mung bean soup., Eat more fruits, watermelons and other cold foods; should not eat hot peppers, cinnamon and other hot foods, but also properly limit the amount of warm meat absorption to avoid helping the fire.
In winter, the weather is cold, you should choose warm foods to increase temperature and dispel cold. For example, in warm food such as red mutton and dog meat, add some hot products such as pepper, pepper, cinnamon, etc. to increase the effect of warming.
Tonic yin and yang refers to adjusting the balance of yin and yang in the human body through a reasonable diet.
Traditional health science believes that the human body should be kept in a healthy state of “yin and yang secret” (that is, the balance of yin and yang) under normal circumstances. If the body loses the balance of yin and yang, disease will occur.
People often use turtles, turtle meat, white fungus, bird’s nest, etc. to nourish yin and replenish yin, nourish yin and moisten dryness to supplement yin deficiency, often use mutton, dog meat, venison, shrimp, etc. to warm the kidneys and strengthen the yang, and supplement essences to supplement the yang deficiency.Is the specific embodiment of diet tonic yin and yang.
Reasonable meals refer to the reasonable allocation of expenses based on individual body conditions.
We know that human beings need a comprehensive and balanced variety of nutrients, so “The Yellow Emperor’s Canon” proposes “meat and vegetables, food and nutrition”.
In order to ensure the prevention of comprehensive nutrition, the diet structure should also be appropriately adjusted according to the different circumstances of each person.
If you are fit, you should eat a light diet, and you should not eat too much thick and difficult to digest and spicy products.
Those who are weak should eat more poultry, eggs, meat, milk, and other foods that are better for tonicity, and eat less cold fruits and vegetables.
Those with coldness due to yang deficiency, cold limbs, fatigue, and other symptoms should eat more hot and aphrodisiac foods such as lamb, dog, shrimp, etc., and avoid cold products such as field snails and crab meat.
Those with yin deficiency and five-heartedness (palms, feet, chest), irritability, dry mouth, and dry throat should eat more vegetables, fruits and dairy products. The diet should be light, and the hot and spicy food should be avoided.Warm taste.
The classification of food by traditional diet health science Traditional diet health science focuses on regulating the yin and yang of the human body, nourishing the internal organs, and preventing diseases according to the “sexual flavor return” of food.
Therefore, in traditional health science, food is also divided into different types according to its “sexual flavor return”.
According to their “sex”, food can be divided into five categories: hot, warm, flat, cold and cold.
Among the foods we eat daily, most are flat foods, followed by warm ones, and cold ones are the least.
Hot food: mustard, fish, cinnamon, pepper, pepper, etc.
Mild food: glutinous rice, sorghum rice, chestnuts, jujube, walnut kernels, almonds, chives, cumin, coriander, pumpkin, ginger, shallots, garlic, longan, lychee, papaya, cherry, pomegranate, ume, citron, bergamot, Catfish, catfish, catfish, shrimp, sea cucumber, goose eggs, chicken, lamb, dog, venison, etc.
Flat food: rice, corn, peanuts, soybeans, broad beans, red beans, black soybeans, peas, lentils, sweet potatoes, potatoes, taro, lotus seeds, hazelnuts, coriander, mushrooms, white fungus, black fungus, cabbage, amaranth, kohlrabi, yuanChinese cabbage, carrots, onions, plums, figs, grapes, yellow croakers, catfish, herring, carp, catfish, catfish, eel, loach, eggs, milk, beef, pork, goose, turtle, mandarin duck, duckWait.
Cool food: millet, barley, wheat, buckwheat, barley, mung bean, tofu, water chestnut, mushroom, eggplant, white radish, gourd, canola, spinach, amaranth, celery, orange, orange, apple, pear, duck egg, etc.
Cold food: bitter gourd, tomato, cucumber, bracken, bamboo shoots, coriander, lotus root, coriander, sugar cane, persimmon, banana, mulberry, watermelon, melon, laver, kelp, coriander, field snail, etc.
According to their “taste”, food can be divided into five categories: Xin, Gan, Sour, Bitter, and Salty.
Among the five flavors, the sweetest food is the most, followed by the salty and sour, and the pungent taste can be the least bitter.
Sweet food: rice noodles, vegetables, dried fruits, chicken, duck, fish, etc.
Sour food: tomatoes, hawthorn, grapes, apricots, lemons, oranges, etc.
Spicy food: ginger, shallots, onions, peppers, chives, etc.
Salty food: seafood, pork, dog meat, pork offal, etc.
Bitter food: bitter gourd, bitter vegetables, etc.
The normal diet should be based on sweet foods, and the other four flavors will reconcile the taste.
When the climate is cold or exogenous wind cold, you can appropriately increase the consumption of hot food to eliminate cold.
When the climate is hot or suffering from a febrile disease, some bitter or cold foods can be appropriately added to clear the heat and reduce fire.
Slightly sour and bitter taste in the diet can be appetizing digestion.Adding salty food to the diet has the effect of nourishing kidney and replenishing essence.
The so-called “guijing” of food means that different foods have different nourishing and healing effects on the body’s internal organs.
For example, traditional health theory believes that wheat, mung beans, red beans, watermelon, lotus seeds, and longan meat are attributed to the Heart Sutra, which has the effect of nourishing the mind and soothing the mind.
Millet, rice, soybeans, barley, hawthorn, apple, jujube, etc. are attributed to the spleen meridian, which has the effect of strengthening the spleen and stomach.
Tomatoes, cherries, rapeseed, toon, and so on, have the effect of relieving the liver and qi.
White radish, carrot, celery, persimmon, ginger, green onion, etc. return to the lung meridian, which is beneficial for the effect of relieving the lungs.
Poultry eggs, mulberries, black sesame seeds, Chinese wolfberry, and so on return to the kidney meridian, which have the effect of nourishing kidney and refining essence.
Traditional health sciences believe that foods are divided into different types. The foods used for nourishment are mainly divided into the following four categories: Qi-enriched foods: rice, millet, yellow rice, glutinous rice, barley, wheat, barley, soybeans, white lentils, Peas, potatoes, sweet potatoes, yam, carrots, shiitake mushrooms, chicken, beef, rabbit, herring, catfish, etc.
Blood-enriching foods: carrots, longan meat, litchi meat, mulberry, blood tofu, animal liver, animal meat, sea cucumber, flat fish, etc.
Buyang food: Chinese chives, beans, cowpeas, walnuts, mutton, dog meat, venison, animal kidneys, pigeon eggs, catfish, sea shrimp, mussels, etc.
Nourishing food: cabbage, pear, grape, mulberry, wolfberry, black sesame, white fungus, black fungus, lily, milk, pork, turtle, turtle meat, squid fish, etc.
The 4 major supplementary methods of dietary health The traditional supplementary methods of dietary health include flat supplement, clear supplement, warm supplement and jun supplement. The essence is to properly substitute different foods according to the nature of food’s temperature, cold and heat.
The flat tonic method refers to a method that uses the food of a gentle nature to supplement, which is more suitable for the general population with a weak body.
This method mostly uses foods such as most cereals, beans, most vegetables and fruits, and poultry eggs and milk.
These foods are not cold and hot, have a calm nature, nourish qi and blood, and have the effects of yin and yang tonic. They can be eaten all year round.
The method of tonic supplement refers to the method of supplementing with food that is cool in nature or has a purgative effect. It is more suitable for people with a hot physical constitution, or it is used in summer and autumn.
Most of the methods used in this method are millet, radish, melon, watermelon, pear and other cold foods. These foods have heat-clearing and laxative effects, promote peristalsis, enhance absorption functions, seek supplements in diarrhea, and eliminate deficiency tonics.
The warm supplement method refers to the method of applying warm food to supplement, which is more suitable for people who are weak due to yang and have chills, cold limbs, and fatigue. They should be used in winter and spring.
Warm foods such as mutton, dog meat, river prawns, sea shrimp, jujubes, and longan meat have the effects of warming kidney yang, warming the cold, and enhancing sexual function. They are all foods that can be selected by the method of warming.
The method of tonic supplement refers to the method of applying tonic effect and the food with faster effect, which is more suitable for people who are physically weak and need to be supplemented as soon as possible, but should pay attention to physique, season, illness and other conditions.
The foods often supplemented by Jun Tonic include mutton, dog meat, venison, animal kidneys, turtles, turtle meat, fish, yellow croaker, and croaker.
The three taboos of diet and health, commonly known as “taboo”, refer to the prohibition or avoidance of unsuitable or unreasonable diets in the diet.
It is generally believed that dietary health has the following three taboos: avoid eating raw vegetables and fruits in large quantities. Although vitamins can be obtained, it is easy to hurt the spleen and stomach, especially those who are cold to the spleen and stomach.
Avoid eating too much oily fat, fatty meat, diet foods, which may cause abnormal blood lipids and atherosclerosis.
Avoid sticky and slippery foods such as glutinous rice, barley, etc., can easily cause indigestion.
In addition, dietary taboos should also pay attention to the following aspects: 1. Diet taboos in different seasons are to properly replace different types of food such as cold, warm, and peaceful according to different seasons.
If the weather is hot in summer, it is not suitable to eat hot foods such as peppers, cinnamon, etc. It is also necessary to appropriately limit the intake of warm meat to prevent the sun from becoming hot; cold weather in winter should avoid using cold foods.
2. The diet taboos of different constitutions are to choose food appropriately according to the different constitutions of the human body.
For those with a strong constitution, it is not advisable to consume too much glutinous (fat and fine grain) thick and spicy products.
Those with weak constitutions should eat cold fruits and vegetables.
Those who suffer from coldness due to yang deficiency, cold limbs, fatigue, etc. should avoid cold products such as field snails and crab meat.
Yin deficiency with five upset fever, dry mouth and dry throat symptoms, diet should be light, and avoid hot and hot products.
3, diet taboos for different diseases is to substitute food appropriately according to the nature of the disease.
Such as hot diseases, avoid hot foods, such as mutton, dog meat, pepper, pepper and so on.
Those suffering from sores, swellings and poisons should not eat fish or shrimp.
Seasonal diet regimen: choose high-transition foods in the spring diet regimen to ensure adequate quality protein and sufficient vitamins in the early spring period: for winter-spring exchanges, even if it is cold, the time spent in the body is shortened, so it is better to eat warmfood.
The dietary principle is to choose a high amount of staple food, and pay attention to sufficient protein.
In addition to rice and cereals, some beans, peanuts, and dairy products can be added to the diet.
Early spring: When the weather changes, the temperature is suddenly cold and hot, and the change is breakthrough. You can refer to the diet in the early spring.
When the temperature is high, it can increase the food intake of vegetables and reduce the consumption of meat. Early spring: When the spring and summer are exchanged, the temperature is too hot, so it is appropriate to eat light food.
The diet principle is to choose light food, and pay attention to supplement sufficient vitamins, such as vegetables should be appropriately added to the diet.
The spring diet should avoid cold and greasy products. Traditional medicine also believes that when the spring is full of liver qi, it is not advisable to eat more sour foods, so as not to make the liver qi excessive and damage the spleen and stomach.
The summer diet health diet is mainly light, to ensure sufficient vitamins to ensure that excess inorganic salts are added to the protein. Due to the hot summer, sweating is more, the body loses more water, and the digestive function of the spleen and stomach is poor.Important method.
If you eat porridge in the morning and evening, and drink soup at lunch, you can quench your thirst, cool off the heat, and nourish your body.
Add some lotus leaves when cooking porridge, called lotus leaf porridge, tastes fragrant, slightly bitter in the porridge, has the effect of refreshing the spleen and appetizing, digesting the heat, nourishing the stomach and intestines, and promoting thirst.
Adding mung beans or soup with mung beans alone when cooking porridge has the effects of quenching thirst, quenching heat and detoxifying, and promoting diuresis.
The nutritional consumption in summer increases, and the hot weather affects people’s appetite, so pay attention to supplement high-quality protein, such as fish, lean meat, eggs, milk and beans and other nutrients; eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, such as tomatoes, Green pepper, winter melon, watermelon, bayberry, melon, peach, plum, pear and other accumulated vitamins; supplement enough water and inorganic salts (such as sodium, potassium, calcium, etc.), especially pay attention to potassium supplements, beans or beansProducts, mushrooms, fruits, vegetables, etc. are all good sources of potassium; eat more heat and damp food, such as watermelon, bitter gourd, peach, black plum, strawberry, tomato, cucumber, mung bean, etc.
In summer, pay special attention to drinking more water to supplement the body’s water loss caused by sweating.
Tea is the best drink for relieving heat, especially green tea, which has the effect of relieving heat and quenching thirst, clearing heat and purging fire.
Drinking water should pay attention to 4 points: 1, 1500 daily drinking water?
2000 ml, alternating from time to time, do not wait until thirsty.
2. You should not drink too much water when you are thirsty, so as to avoid stomach upset.
3. It is not advisable to drink boiled water before and during meals, so as to dilute the gastric juice and affect digestion.
4. Don’t overeat cold drinks.
Autumn Diet Health Diet Dietary supplements with plenty of cool and juicy vegetables and fruits are supplemented with appropriate amounts of protein and inorganic salts (such as sodium, potassium, calcium, etc.). Early Autumn: Use a warm and dry diet to maintain heat and moisturize.
The method of diet and health should adhere to the diet of two porridges and one soup, that is, porridge for breakfast and dinner, soup for lunch, but the content of porridge soup is different.
Traditional health care believes that dry evil is the most likely to hurt the lungs. Adding chopped pear pieces when cooking porridge has the effects of refreshing and quenching thirst, nourishing yin, moisturizing, relieving cough and reducing phlegm.edible.
Adding some lilies when porridge has the effect of nourishing the lungs and relieving cough, nourishing the heart and soothe the nerves.
Add some fungus that has been made with water when making porridge. It has the effects of nourishing yin and nourishing the lungs, nourishing the stomach and strengthening the body. It is suitable for those who are weak and have high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and chronic bronchitis.
The soup is preferably tomato and egg soup, which is rich in protein and vitamins and is good for digestion and absorption.
Late autumn: The diet and health method used for coolness and dryness should be based on removing cold and nourishing.
In addition to nourishing yin, moistening and drying, dietary principles should appropriately increase protein and convert higher foods.
Porridge is still the main method, such as pear porridge, lily porridge, white fungus porridge, and some lean meat porridge, such as lean meat and preserved eggs when porridge is added to supplement protein consumption.
Compared to eating chestnut porridge, osmanthus lotus seed porridge, longan meat porridge, red date porridge, etc., and eat more mild vegetables and fruits, such as pumpkin, onion ginger, coriander, peach, apricot, jujube, litchi, black plum and so on.
Winter diet health Moderate consumption of high content diets increases the substitution of warm foods to supplement enough vitamins and minerals.
Traditional health science believes that cold is the main energy of winter, and the principle of health is to avoid the cold and warm, converge the sun and protect the yin, and based on the collection, it is the best time to supplement throughout the year.
Modern medicine also believes that the human body is affected by cold weather in winter, and the secretory functions of endocrine glands such as thyroid and adrenal glands are enhanced to promote the body to resist and resist cold.
In winter, you should eat more grains and cereals, while supplementing with enough protein, vitamins, minerals, and the right amount of aunt.
Traditional health sciences believe that you should eat more warm foods, especially diets that can warm the kidney yang to enhance the body’s ability to protect against cold.
Here are some methods suitable for winter tonic.
1. Angelica ginger and mutton soup: Angelica 20 grams, ginger 30 grams, mutton 500 grams, rice wine, seasonings.
Wash the lamb, cut into pieces, add angelica, ginger, rice wine and seasoning, stew 1?
2 hours, eating meat and drinking soup.
It has the effects of warming the blood and relieving cold and strengthening the body, and is suitable for people who are fatigued, pale, cold and cold.
2. Deer kidney red ginseng porridge: one deer kidney (or sheep kidney), 3 grams of red ginseng, 100 grams of rice, seasoning instead.
Cut the deer kidney, remove the white tendons inside, cut into minced pieces, beat red ginseng into minced pieces, wash the rice, add an appropriate amount of water and seasoning, and cook for 1 hour.
It is beneficial to qi and impotence, fills the essence and fills the marrow, and is suitable for people who are weak, weak in waist and knees, cold and cold, deafness, tinnitus, and hypofunction of kidney.
3. Walnut kernel cake: 50 grams of walnut kernel (or walnut kernel), 250 grams of flour, seasoned with white sugar, beat walnut kernels into powder, mix with flour, add water, stir well, and cook for pancakes.
It has the effect of nourishing kidney and cold, moistening intestines and laxative, and is suitable for people with kidney deficiency, low back pain, soft legs, chills and cold, dry stools, etc.
4, mutton mutton: 10 grams of red ginseng, 20 grams of angelica, 500 grams of mutton, seasoning.
Wash and cut the mutton into red ginseng and angelica. Place the seasoning in the casserole.
2 hours, wait for water to dry up, and cease cooking when the lamb is cooked.
Benefits Qi and blood, strengthens body against cold.
It is suitable for people with weak constitution, pale complexion, weak limbs, cold and cold.